- surge [sʉrj]n.[LME sourge, fountain, stream, prob. < OFr sourgeon < stem of sourdre, to rise < L surgere, to rise, spring up < * subsregere < subs-, var. of sub- (see SUB-) + regere, to direct (see RIGHT)]1.a) a large mass of or as of moving water; wave; swell; billowb) such waves or billows collectively or in a series2. a movement of or like that of a mass of water; violent rolling, sweeping, or swelling motion [the surge of the sea]3. a sudden, sharp increase of electric current or voltage in a circuit4. any sudden, strong increase, as of energy, enthusiasm, etc.5. Naut.a) the concave part of a capstan or windlass, upon which the rope surges, or slipsb) such a surging, or slippingvi.surged, surging [< OFr sourg-, stem of sourdre: see SURGE the n.]1. to have a heavy, violent swelling motion; move in or as in a surge or surges2. to rise and fall or be tossed about on waves, as a ship3. to increase suddenly or abnormally: said of electric current or voltage4. to slip, as a rope or cable on a capstan or windlassvt.to slacken or release (a rope or cable) suddenly
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.